Features of evaluating the economic security of peat industry enterprises in the Tver Region of Russia (the industry review)


https://doi.org/10.17073/2500-0632-2021-1-5-15

Full Text:


Abstract

The paper is devoted to the urgent problem of sustainable and economically secure development of enterprises in the Tver Region peat-extracting sector of the economy. Despite the fact that peat deposits are widespread in many regions of Russia, the efficiency of their industrial and economic use is extremely low. The purpose of the study was to determine the features of the assessment and analysis of the economic security of an enterprise that develops peat deposits. The paper examines the relationship between the concepts of “peat rent” and “economic security”, and also provides the author’s interpretation of their content and essence. An analysis of the existing approaches to assessing the economic security of peat extracting enterprises was carried out, and the use of the rent approach was substantiated based on the data on the peat industry enterprises used in this study. The indicators for assessing the economic security of a peat production were identified. The authors proposed a methodological approach, a feature of which was comprehensive accounting of technical, economic, and natural factors that objectively affected the level of economic security of peat extracting enterprises. The proposed methodological approach also makes it possible to develop recommendations for increasing the flexibility and adaptability of peat extracting enterprises, taking into account the individual conditions of their work. The methodological research toolkit included the fundamentals of economic theory, information methods for processing statistical data, and economic and mathematical modeling. The methodology approbation was carried out through the example of enterprises of the Tver Region peat-extracting industry, which had been at a low ebb (in protracted economic crisis) for a long time. The conclusions, recommendations, and proposals of the study were used in the development of the Regional program “Natural Resources Management and Environmental Protection” for 2017–2022 (Order of the Tver Region Government No. 414-pp of December 26, 2016 as amended on February 7, 2020).


About the Authors

T. B. Yakonovskaya
Tver State Technical University
Russian Federation

Tatiana B. Yakonovskaya – Cand. Sci. (Economics), Assoc. Prof., Department of Economics and Production Management

SCOPUS ID: 57196258982

Tver



A. I. Zhigulskaya
Tver State Technical University
Russian Federation

Alexandra I. Zhigulskaya – Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., Department of Technological Machines and Equipment

SCOPUS ID: 57196259021

Tver



References

1. Zvereva V. P., Kostina A. M., Koval O. V. Technogenic mineral formation as an indicator of ecological condition of tin ore producing districts of the Far East. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2009;(4):41–43. (In Russ.).

2. Khanchuk A. I., Krupskaya L. T., Zvereva V. P. Ecological problems of development of tin ore resources in Primorie and Priamurie. Geography and Natural Resources. 2012;33(1):46–50. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1875372812010076

3. Krupskaya L. T., Grekhnev N. I., Novorotskaya A. G., Utkina E. V., Krupskiy A. V., Rastanina N. K. Features of the migration of toxic chemical elements in the natural environment components within the impact area of the JSC Solnechny GOK Central Processing Plant’s tailings storage facility. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2010;(S4):349–361. (In Russ.).

4. Novorotskaya A. G., Krupskaya L. T., Grekhnev N. I., Yakovenko G. P. On the results of environmental monitoring of the air at the Solnechny GOK mining facilities. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2007;(S15):248–258. (In Russ.).

5. Ngole-Jeme V. M., Fantke P. Ecological and human health risks associated with abandoned gold mine tailings contaminated soil. PLoS ONE. 2017;12(2):e0172517. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172517

6. Karaca O., Cameselle C., Reddy K. R. Mine tailing disposal sites: contamination problems, remedial options and phytocaps for sustainable remediation. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology. 2018;(17):205–228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-017-9453-y

7. Martínez-Toledo Á., Montes-Rocha A., González-Mille D.J. et al. Evaluation of enzyme activities in long-term polluted soils with mine tailing deposits of San Luis Potosí, México. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 2017;(17):364–375. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-016-1529-8

8. Xu Zhang, Huanhuan Yang, Zhaojie Cui. Migration and speciation of heavy metal in salinized mine tailings affected by iron mining. Water Science & Technology. 2017;76(7):1867–1874. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.369

9. Ying-Nan Huang, Fei Dang, Min Li, Dong-Mei Zhou, Yue Song, Jia-Bin Wang. Environmental and human health risks from metal exposures nearby a Pb-Zn-Ag mine, China. Science of The Total Environment. 2020;698:134326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134326

10. Kehui Liu, Liuqun Fan, Yi Li, Zhengming Zhou, Chaoshu Chen, Bin Chen, Fangming Yu Concentrations and health risks of heavy metals in soils and crops around the Pingle manganese (Mn) mine area in Guangxi Province, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018;25(30):30180–30190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2997-8

11. Lingli Zhou, Bing Yang, Nandong Xue, Fasheng Li, Hans Martin Seip, Xin Cong, Yunzhong Yan, Bo Liu, Baolu Han, Huiying Li Ecological risks and potential sources of heavy metals in agricultural soils from Huanghuai Plain, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2014;21(2):1360–1369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-2023-0

12. Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mohammad Miri, Mohamad Mehdi Dashti Spatial analysis and health risk assessment of heavy metals concentration in drinking water resources. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2017;24(32):24790–24802. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0102-3

13. Nesta Bortey-Sam, Shouta M. M. Nakayama, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Osei Akoto, Elvis Baidoo, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka Health risk assessment of heavy metals and metalloid in drinking water from communities near gold mines in Tarkwa, Ghana. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2015;187(7):397. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4630-3

14. Srivastava A., Siddiqui N.A., Koshe R.K., Singh V.K. Human Health Effects Emanating from Airborne Heavy Metals Due to Natural and Anthropogenic Activities: A Review In: Siddiqui N., Tauseef S., Bansal K. (eds). Advances in Health and Environment Safety. Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering; 2017, pp. 279–296. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7122-5_29

15. Zhu S., Pickles J., He C. Going Green or Going Away: Environmental Regulation, Economic Geography and Firms’ Strategies in China’s Pollution-Intensive Industries. In: Geographical Dynamics and Firm Spatial Strategy in China. Springer Geography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; 2017, pp. 169–197. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53601-8_8

16. Musilova J., Arvay J., Vollmannova A. et al. Environmental Contamination by Heavy Metals in Region with Previous Mining Activity. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2016;97(4):569–575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-016-1907-3

17. PND F 16.1:2.3:3.11–98. Quantitative chemical analysis of soils. Techniques for measuring the content of metals in solid objects by spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. Мoscow; 1998. 30 p. (In Russ.).

18. Guidelines for assessing the risk to public health when exposed to natural environment polluting chemicals. Мoscow: Federal Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Control under the Ministry of Health of Russia; 2004 . 143 p. (In Russ.).

19. Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated 10.01.2002 No. 7-FZ (as amended on 27.12.2019) “On environmental protection”. (In Russ.).

20. Skalny A.V. Reference values of concentrations of chemical elements in hair, obtained by ICP-AES method. Trace Elements in Medicine (Moscow). 2003;4(1):55–56 (In Russ.).

21. Revich B.A., Avaliani S.L., Tikhonova G.I. Environment and public health: Regional environmental policy. Мoscow: TsEPR Publ.; 2003. 149 p. (In Russ.).

22. Veltischev Yu E., Fokeeva V. V. Environment and child health. Chemical ecopathology. Мoscow: Moscow Research Institute of Pediatry and Pediatric Surgery Publ.; 1996. 57 p. (In Russ.).

23. Rastanina N. K., Krupskaya L. T. On the role of environmental factors in the health of the population of miners’ settlements in the south of the Far East. Ecology and Industry of Russia. 2008;(12):56–57. (In Russ.).

24. Krupskaya L. T., Rastanina N. K. Krupskaya L. T., Rastanina N.K. Assessment of the public health risk due to air pollution in the vicinity of the Solnechny GOK Central Processing Plant TSF. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2007;(S15):318–323. (In Russ.)

25. Androkhanov V. A, Krupskaya L. T., Belanov I. P. Method for covering surface of tailings impoundments with inert materials. Application No. 20161500344 dated 20.12.2016. RF, publ. 08.21.2017, bulletin 24. IPC B0 9S 1/08. (In Russ.)

26. Krupskaya L. T., Ishchenko E. A, Golubev D.A., Kolobanov N.K., Rastanina N.K. RF Patent No. 2707030 dated 21.11.2019. Composition for reduction of dust load on ecosphere and reclamation of tailings dam surface. Application No. 2019114495 dated 13.05.2019. (In Russ.)


Supplementary files

For citation: Yakonovskaya T.B., Zhigulskaya A.I. Features of evaluating the economic security of peat industry enterprises in the Tver Region of Russia (the industry review). Gornye nauki i tekhnologii = Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2021;6(1):5-15. https://doi.org/10.17073/2500-0632-2021-1-5-15

Views: 76

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2500-0632 (Online)