Impact of technogenic dust pollution from the closed mining enterprise in the Amur Region on the ecosphere and human health

Full Text:


Environmental protection is a complex ecological and economic problem, including the need to develop and implement a number of environmental protection measures to mitigate the negative impact of mining waste on all natural environment components and human health. In this regard, the study purpose was to assess the impact of Pb, Cd, Cr, and As compounds on the environment and health of the population of the Solnechny miner’s village. Based on the purpose, the following tasks were set: 1) review and systematization of literature data on the problem of technogenic dust pollution; 2) assessment of the mining industrial system as a source of ecosystem pollution with toxic elements within the closed mining enterprises impact areas; 3) development of proposals for mitigating the impact of mining activities on ecosystems and human health. The paper presents the findings of the study of the elemental status of children and adolescents living within the closed town-forming enterprise JSC Solnechny GOK impact area. The relationship between the level of technogenic pollution of the natural environment and the changes in the elemental status of the children was shown. A feature of the elemental status of the children in the study group was high content of heavy metals, including Pb, Cr, and As. Our research confirmed the data that a growing child’s body actively adsorbs compounds of toxic chemical elements. Deficiency and imbalance of microelements in the body can cause ecologically-related diseases in the child population. Individual and population carcinogenic risks (CR) caused by the As, Pb, and Cr pollution were calculated. In accordance with the acceptance criteria for the risk caused by exposure to the pollutants, the individual carcinogenic risk CR (Cr) = 1,05 · 10–3 belongs to the fourth range and is unacceptable neither for the population, nor for occupational groups. This is De manifestis risk, and when it is reached, it is necessary to carry out emergency curative measures to mitigate it. The individual risks CR (As) = 7,05 · 10–4 also exceed the acceptable level for the population. This level of pollution is subject to permanent monitoring, requires development and implementation of planned curative measures to improve the indicators of the human environment, one of which is the organization of the environmental monitoring system in the study area.

About the Authors

N. K. Rastanina
Pacific State University
Russian Federation

Natalia K. Rastanina – Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assoc. Prof., Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology

Scopus ID: 56857552500


K. A. Kolobanov
Pacific State University
Russian Federation

Konstantin A. Kolobanov

Scopus ID: 57211208606



1. Zvereva V. P., Kostina A. M., Koval O. V. Technogenic mineral formation as an indicator of ecological condition of tin ore producing districts of the Far East. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2009;(4):41–43. (In Russ.).

2. Khanchuk A. I., Krupskaya L. T., Zvereva V. P. Ecological problems of development of tin ore resources in Primorie and Priamurie. Geography and Natural Resources. 2012;33(1):46–50.

3. Krupskaya L. T., Grekhnev N. I., Novorotskaya A. G., Utkina E. V., Krupskiy A. V., Rastanina N. K. Features of the migration of toxic chemical elements in the natural environment components within the impact area of the JSC Solnechny GOK Central Processing Plant’s tailings storage facility. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2010;(S4):349–361. (In Russ.).

4. Novorotskaya A. G., Krupskaya L. T., Grekhnev N. I., Yakovenko G. P. On the results of environmental monitoring of the air at the Solnechny GOK mining facilities. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2007;(S15):248–258. (In Russ.).

5. Ngole-Jeme V. M., Fantke P. Ecological and human health risks associated with abandoned gold mine tailings contaminated soil. PLoS ONE. 2017;12(2):e0172517.

6. Karaca O., Cameselle C., Reddy K. R. Mine tailing disposal sites: contamination problems, remedial options and phytocaps for sustainable remediation. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology. 2018;(17):205–228.

7. Martínez-Toledo Á., Montes-Rocha A., González-Mille D.J. et al. Evaluation of enzyme activities in long-term polluted soils with mine tailing deposits of San Luis Potosí, México. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 2017;(17):364–375.

8. Xu Zhang, Huanhuan Yang, Zhaojie Cui. Migration and speciation of heavy metal in salinized mine tailings affected by iron mining. Water Science & Technology. 2017;76(7):1867–1874.

9. Ying-Nan Huang, Fei Dang, Min Li, Dong-Mei Zhou, Yue Song, Jia-Bin Wang. Environmental and human health risks from metal exposures nearby a Pb-Zn-Ag mine, China. Science of The Total Environment. 2020;698:134326.

10. Kehui Liu, Liuqun Fan, Yi Li, Zhengming Zhou, Chaoshu Chen, Bin Chen, Fangming Yu Concentrations and health risks of heavy metals in soils and crops around the Pingle manganese (Mn) mine area in Guangxi Province, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2018;25(30):30180–30190.

11. Lingli Zhou, Bing Yang, Nandong Xue, Fasheng Li, Hans Martin Seip, Xin Cong, Yunzhong Yan, Bo Liu, Baolu Han, Huiying Li Ecological risks and potential sources of heavy metals in agricultural soils from Huanghuai Plain, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2014;21(2):1360–1369.

12. Reza Ali Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Ghaneian, Mohammad Miri, Mohamad Mehdi Dashti Spatial analysis and health risk assessment of heavy metals concentration in drinking water resources. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2017;24(32):24790–24802.

13. Nesta Bortey-Sam, Shouta M. M. Nakayama, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Osei Akoto, Elvis Baidoo, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka Health risk assessment of heavy metals and metalloid in drinking water from communities near gold mines in Tarkwa, Ghana. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2015;187(7):397.

14. Srivastava A., Siddiqui N.A., Koshe R.K., Singh V.K. Human Health Effects Emanating from Airborne Heavy Metals Due to Natural and Anthropogenic Activities: A Review In: Siddiqui N., Tauseef S., Bansal K. (eds). Advances in Health and Environment Safety. Springer Transactions in Civil and Environmental Engineering; 2017, pp. 279–296.

15. Zhu S., Pickles J., He C. Going Green or Going Away: Environmental Regulation, Economic Geography and Firms’ Strategies in China’s Pollution-Intensive Industries. In: Geographical Dynamics and Firm Spatial Strategy in China. Springer Geography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; 2017, pp. 169–197.

16. Musilova J., Arvay J., Vollmannova A. et al. Environmental Contamination by Heavy Metals in Region with Previous Mining Activity. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2016;97(4):569–575.

17. PND F 16.1:2.3:3.11–98. Quantitative chemical analysis of soils. Techniques for measuring the content of metals in solid objects by spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. Мoscow; 1998. 30 p. (In Russ.).

18. Guidelines for assessing the risk to public health when exposed to natural environment polluting chemicals. Мoscow: Federal Center of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Control under the Ministry of Health of Russia; 2004 . 143 p. (In Russ.).

19. Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated 10.01.2002 No. 7-FZ (as amended on 27.12.2019) “On environmental protection”. (In Russ.).

20. Skalny A.V. Reference values of concentrations of chemical elements in hair, obtained by ICP-AES method. Trace Elements in Medicine (Moscow). 2003;4(1):55–56 (In Russ.).

21. Revich B.A., Avaliani S.L., Tikhonova G.I. Environment and public health: Regional environmental policy. Мoscow: TsEPR Publ.; 2003. 149 p. (In Russ.).

22. Veltischev Yu E., Fokeeva V. V. Environment and child health. Chemical ecopathology. Мoscow: Moscow Research Institute of Pediatry and Pediatric Surgery Publ.; 1996. 57 p. (In Russ.).

23. Rastanina N. K., Krupskaya L. T. On the role of environmental factors in the health of the population of miners’ settlements in the south of the Far East. Ecology and Industry of Russia. 2008;(12):56–57. (In Russ.).

24. Krupskaya L. T., Rastanina N. K. Krupskaya L. T., Rastanina N.K. Assessment of the public health risk due to air pollution in the vicinity of the Solnechny GOK Central Processing Plant TSF. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin. 2007;(S15):318–323. (In Russ.)

25. Androkhanov V. A, Krupskaya L. T., Belanov I. P. Method for covering surface of tailings impoundments with inert materials. Application No. 20161500344 dated 20.12.2016. RF, publ. 08.21.2017, bulletin 24. IPC B0 9S 1/08. (In Russ.)

26. Krupskaya L. T., Ishchenko E. A, Golubev D.A., Kolobanov N.K., Rastanina N.K. RF Patent No. 2707030 dated 21.11.2019. Composition for reduction of dust load on ecosphere and reclamation of tailings dam surface. Application No. 2019114495 dated 13.05.2019. (In Russ.)

Supplementary files

For citation: Rastanina N.K., Kolobanov K.A. Impact of technogenic dust pollution from the closed mining enterprise in the Amur Region on the ecosphere and human health. Gornye nauki i tekhnologii = Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2021;6(1):16-22.

Views: 71


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2500-0632 (Online)