Gornye nauki i tekhnologii = Mining Science and Technology (Russia)

Advanced search

Mining industry in Mozambique


At present time,Mozambiqueis called the “Rising Star of South Africa” mainly due to the rapid development of its mining industry. Mineral resources sector ofMozambiqueis one of the most dynamically developing sectors of the country’s economy.China,BrazilandIndiahave recently become the main partners forMozambique. Recently, a number of projects is being implemented in the country, for example, Auroch Minerals Manica Gold in gold production. Increasing coal production is connected with commissioning of the Moatize open pit, which is being developed by Brazilian Vale Company, as well as Benga mining company owned by Indian ICVL consortium. The analysis of the extraction of certain mineral types inMozambiquepresented in the paper demonstrates general picture of mining industry development in the country. The analysis findings allow identifying the causes of negative phenomena in the industry, manifesting themselves in decreasing production of certain types of minerals. For instance, the main reasons for the decline in coal production were dropping labor productivity, deterioration of mining conditions, and depletion of the most accessible coal reserves, extractable by open pit mining. In this regard, development of underground mining methods providing for opening of deep deposits by vertical shaft sets is highly relevant. The experience of the neighboringRepublicofSouth Africashows that, in the mining and geological conditions of the south of the African continent, highspeed shaft sinking methods accelerating deposit development can be successfully applied.

About the Author

J. J. Z. Caixao
“Vale Mozambique”

Johan Jacinto Zeca Caixao – Mining Engineer,

Tete province


1. Shagalov V. A. The civil war in Mozambique and the UN peacekeeping operation. 2013;155(1):257–266. Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye Nauki. 2013;155(1):257–266. (In Russ.). URL:

2. Zaitsev O. Rising star of South Africa. (In Russ.). URL: (Accessed: 25.11.2020)

3. Kortunov A. V., Tsayzer N. G., Kharitonova E. V., Kochofa G. A., Ezhov D. P., Chkoniya L. E. Africa – Russia+: Achievements, Problems, Prospects: Joint Report of the Russian Council on International Affairs (RCIA) and the UNION “African Business Initiative” (ABI). (Report No. 53/2020). Russian Council on International Affairs (RCIA). Мoscow: HP RCIA Publ.; 2020. 60 p. (In Russ.).

4. Deych T. L., Usov V. A. Emerging powers in Africa: Mozambique case. Asia and Africa Today. 2014;(2):30–36. URL:

5. Deyneka O. S., Matemulane J. Z. S. The image of economic policy and the citizens’ attitude toward the state of Mozambique (the results of an internet research). Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Seria 12, Psihologia, sociologia, pedagogika. 2012;(1):80–89. URL:

6. Salikov U. A., do Carmo S. S. Problems and ways of strategic industrial development of Mozambique. Ekonomika. Innovatsii. Upravlenie kachestvom. 2013;(2):4–7. (In Russ.). URL:

7. Shul’gina L. V., Silva S. D. K. Modernization and structural transformation of economy (through the example of the South African states and the Republic of Mozambique). Finansy, ekonomika, strategia. 2012;(7):5–8. (In Russ.).

8. Silima P. P. Features of mining industry development in Mozambique. Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi sistemami. 2019;(3). 28 p. (In Russ.). URL:

9. Silima P. P. Fact sheets on mining sector industry in Southern Africa – Mozambique and South Africa.Innovacii i investicii. 2020;(2):61–65.

10. «Vale on Base Metals and Coal businesses impairment tests», Media Release, November 26, 2019. Код доступа: (Accessed: 26.11.2020 г.)

11. 10 leading country-producers of graphite. Thermal&material engineering center. (In Russ.). URL: (Accessed: 26.11.2020 г.)

12. Lehto T., Gonçalves R. Mineral resources potential in Mozambique. URL: (Accessed: 26.11.2020 г.)

13. Pleshko M. S., Kurnakov V. A. Analysis of the regulatory framework and scientific research in the field of vertical shaft supporting. Trends of their further development. Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2011;(4):49–53. (In Russ.). URL:

14. Baxter B. Mozambique’s coal revival. Coaltrans. URL: (Accessed: 26.11.2020 г.).

15. Pleshko M.S., Pleshko M.V. Innovative approaches to designing support structures for deep vertical shafts. Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2012;(7):223–227. (In Russ.). URL:,_Pleshko_-_5_str.pdf


For citations:

Caixao J.Z. Mining industry in Mozambique. Gornye nauki i tekhnologii = Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2021;6(2):114-120. (In Russ.)

Views: 583

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2500-0632 (Online)