Full Text:


In the article the technique of calculation of stability of pit walls, stacked rock soil, taking into account geologostroy characteristics of the rock mass and the spatial position of the zones of weakening in relation to the pit walls. It is shown that, depending on their mutual orientation the objective of pit slope stability can be solved in two-dimensional or threedimensional setting. Examples of calculating the stability of opencast sites, subject to zones of weakening for two-dimensional limiting equilibrium methods and finite elements in threedimensional statement – by the volume of the rock blocks. Described modern criteria of strength, which is recommended for the modeling of the stability of rock landslides. The proposed methodology for stability assessment of pit walls, laid in rocky soil, allow to choose the method of calculation, depending on the joint orientation of the structural plane of the rock mass and the spatial position of the pit walls.

About the Authors

I. K. Fomenko
Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze
Russian Federation
Igor K. Fomenko - Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, chief scientific officer

V. V. Pendin
Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze
Russian Federation
Vadim V. Pendin - Doctor of Geological-Mineralogical Sciences, Professor

D. N. Gorobtsov
Russian State Geological Prospecting University named after Sergo Ordzhonikidze
Russian Federation
Denis N. Gorobtsov - candidate of geological-mineralogical, associate professor


1. Barton N.R., Bandis S. Review of predictive capabilities of JRC-JCS model in engineering practice // Rock joints:Proc. Int. Symp. оn Rock Joints / N. Barton, O. Stephansson, eds. - Rotterdam: Balkema, 1990. – pp. 603-610.

2. Barton N.R. and Choubey V., The shear strength of rock joints in theory and practice. Rock Mech. 10(1-2), 1-54.

3. Esterhuizen J., Filz G.M. and Duncan, J.M.. Constitutive Behaviour of Geosynthetic Interfaces, Journal of GeoTechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, October 2001, pp. 834-840.

4. Hoek E., Bray J., Boyd J. The stability of a rock slope containing a wedge resting on two intersecting discontinuities // Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 1973. – v. 6. – №1, pp. 22-35.

5. Hoek E., Bray J.W. Rock Slope Engineering/3rd ed. - London: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 1981. – 358 p.

6. Hoek E., Caranza-Torres C.T., Corcum B. Hoek-Brown failure criterion-2002 edition//Proc. of the North American Rock Mechanics Society (NARMS-TAC’2002). – Toronto: Mining Innovation and Technology, 2002. – v. 1. – pp. 267-273.

7. Krahn J. Stability modeling with SLOPE/W. An Engineering Methodology: First Edition, Revision 1. Calgary, Alberta: GEO-SLOPE International Ltd., 2004. – 396 pp.

8. Krahn J., Price V.E., and Morgenstern, N. R. Slope stability computer program for Morgenstern- Price method of analysis // University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta. 1971. Vol. 14.

9. Markland J.T. A useful technique for estimating the stability of rock slopes when the rigid wedge sliding type of failure is expected // Imperial College Rock Mechanics Research Report, 1972. – №19. – 10 p.

10. Patton F.D. Multiple models of shear failure in rock // Proc. 1stInternat.Congr. on Rock Mechanics. – Lisbon, 1966. – v. 1. – pp. 509-513

11. Snowden, “Proposal for Additional Features in SLIDE and SWEDGE”, unpublished memorandum to Rocscience, 5th April 2007.

12. Snowden, "Snowden Modified Anisotropic Linear strength model", unpublished memorandum to Rocscience, November 2011.

13. Wyllie D.C., Mah C.W. Rock Slope Engineering: civil and mining/4rd ed. – London: Spon Press / Taylor&Francis Group, 2010. – 431 p.

14. Zerkal' O.V., Fomenko I.K. Opolzni v skal'nyh gruntah i ocenka ih ustojchivosti [landslides in rocky soil and evaluation of their stability] // Engineering geology. – 2016. – No. 4. – Pp. 4-21.

15. Zerkal' O.V., Fomenko I. K. Ocenka vlijanija anizotropii svojstv gruntov na ustojchivost' sklonov [Assessment of the anisotropy of the properties of the soil on the slope stability] // Engineering survey. – 2013. – No. 9. – Pp. 44-50.

16. Kalinin Je.V., Panas'jan L.L., Shirokov V.N., Artamonova N.B., Fomenko I.K. Modelirovanie polej naprjazhenij v inzhenerno-geologicheskih massivah. [Simulation of stress fields in geotechnical arrays] – M.: Moscow State University, 2003. – 261 p.

17. Krauch S., Starfild A. Metody granichnyh jelementov v mehanike tverdogo tela. [Boundary element methods in solid mechanics] – M.: Mir, 1987. – 217 p.

18. Pravila obespechenija ustojchivosti otkosov na ugol'nyh razrezah. [Rules on the slope stability at the coal mines] – SPb.: State. Research Institute of Mining of geomechanical and Surveying – Interdisciplinary Research Center VNIMI, 1998. – 208 p.

19. Pendin V.V., Fomenko I.K. Metodologija ocenki i prognoza opolznevoj opasnosti. [Methodology for assessment and prediction of landslide hazard] – M.: LENAND Moscow, 2015. – 320 p.

20. Rekomendacii po raschetu ustojchivosti skal'nyh otkosov: P-843-86. [Guidelines for the calculation of the stability of rock slopes: P-843-86.] – M.: Hydroproject, 1986. – 51 p.

21. SP 11-105-97 Inzhenerno-geologicheskie izyskanija dlja stroitel'stva. Chast' II. Pravila proizvodstva rabot v rajonah razvitija opasnyh geologicheskih i inzhenerno-geologicheskih processov. [SP 11-105-97 Engineering survey for construction. Part II. Terms of works in the areas of development of dangerous geological and engineering-geological processes.] – M.: Russian State Committee for Construction, 2003. – 93 p.

22. SP 116.13330.2012 Inzhenernaja zashhita territorij, zdanij i sooruzhenij ot opasnyh geologicheskih processov. Osnovnye polozhenija (Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 22-02- 2003). [JV 116.13330.2012 Engineering protection of territories, buildings and structures from dangerous geological processes. Basic provisions (SNIP 22/02/2003 The updated edition)] – M.: Russian Ministry of Regional Development, 2012. – 60 p.

23. SP 47.13330.2012 Inzhenernye izyskanija dlja stroitel'stva. Osnovnye polozhenija (Aktualizirovannaja redakcija SNiP 11-02-96). [SP 47.13330.2012 Engineering surveys for construction. Basic provisions (The updated edition of SNIP 11-02-96)] – M.: Russian Ministry of Regional Development, 2012. – 116 p.

Supplementary files

For citation: Fomenko I.K., Pendin V.V., Gorobtsov D.N. EVALUATION OF STABILITY OF PIT IN ROCKY SOIL. Gornye nauki i tekhnologii = Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2016;(3):10-21. https://doi.org/10.17073/2500-0632-2016-3-10-19

Views: 410


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2500-0632 (Online)